A Tale of Two Supply Chains

AVX

MINING

AVX helps finance a mine operated by MMR, an Indian mining company. Miners extract tantalum ore.

FROM THE MINE TO THE PORT

HERE’S WHERE IT GETS INTERESTING

Independent auditors start a paper trail on every bag of ore, recording the miner’s name and the weight of his haul.

MMR employees transport the bags into South Africa for shipping.

The logs are updated every time the ore changes hands.

SMELTING

A refiner in China turns the ore into tantalum for AVX.

MANUFACTURING

AVX makes the tantalum into thumbnail-size electronics parts and sells them to tech companies.

RETAILING

Ta-da! Your cell phone is conflict-free.

Traditional

MINING

Self-employed miners scrape for ore in mines that are often controlled by warlords.

FROM THE MINE TO THE PORT

LOTS OF OPPORTUNITIES FOR CORRUPTION

Soldiers often extort miners en route to sell to local traders.

Militias might “tax” the traders as they sell the ore to other traders.

The traders move the ore to the border to be shipped or smuggled to refiners.

SMELTING

Refiners process the ore into tantalum and sell it to electronic component makers.

MANUFACTURING

Component makers turn the tantalum into thumbnail-size parts for tech companies.

RETAILING

Your phone may have helped fuel the war in the Congo.

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